Problem 128

Problem 128

Hexagonal tile differences

A hexagonal tile with number 1 is surrounded by a ring of six hexagonal tiles, starting at “12 o’clock” and numbering the tiles 2 to 7 in an anti-clockwise direction.

New rings are added in the same fashion, with the next rings being numbered 8 to 19, 20 to 37, 38 to 61, and so on. The diagram below shows the first three rings.

By finding the difference between tile n and each of its six neighbours we shall define PD(n) to be the number of those differences which are prime.

For example, working clockwise around tile 8 the differences are 12, 29, 11, 6, 1, and 13. So PD(8) = 3.

In the same way, the differences around tile 17 are 1, 17, 16, 1, 11, and 10, hence PD(17) = 2.

It can be shown that the maximum value of PD(n) is 3.

If all of the tiles for which PD(n) = 3 are listed in ascending order to form a sequence, the 10th tile would be 271.

Find the 2000th tile in this sequence.





例如,按顺时针顺序,标有8的地砖与周围地砖的差是12,29,11,6,1和13。所以PD(8) = 3。

同样的,标有17的地砖与周围地砖的差是1,17,16,1,11和10,所以PD(17) = 2。


如果所有PD(n) = 3的地砖构成从小到大排列的序列,那么第10块将是标有271的地砖。