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Problem 57


Problem 57


Square root convergents

It is possible to show that the square root of two can be expressed as an infinite continued fraction.

√ 2 = 1 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + ... ))) = 1.414213...

By expanding this for the first four iterations, we get:

1 + 1/2 = 3/2 = 1.5
1 + 1/(2 + 1/2) = 7/5 = 1.4
1 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + 1/2)) = 17/12 = 1.41666…
1 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + 1/2))) = 41/29 = 1.41379…

The next three expansions are 99/70, 239/169, and 577/408, but the eighth expansion, 1393/985, is the first example where the number of digits in the numerator exceeds the number of digits in the denominator.

In the first one-thousand expansions, how many fractions contain a numerator with more digits than denominator?


平方根逼近
2的平方根可以用一个无限连分数表示:

√ 2 = 1 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + ... ))) = 1.414213...

将连分数计算取前四次迭代展开式分别是:

1 + 1/2 = 3/2 = 1.5
1 + 1/(2 + 1/2) = 7/5 = 1.4
1 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + 1/2)) = 17/12 = 1.41666…
1 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + 1/(2 + 1/2))) = 41/29 = 1.41379…

接下来的三个迭代展开式分别是99/70、239/169和577/408,但是直到第八个迭代展开式1393/985,分子的位数第一次超过分母的位数。

在前一千个迭代展开式中,有多少个分数分子的位数多于分母的位数?