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# Problem 657

## Incomplete words

In the context of formal languages, any finite sequence of letters of a given alphabet $\Sigma$ is called a word over $\Sigma$. We call a word incomplete if it does not contain every letter of $\Sigma$.

For example, using the alphabet $\Sigma={a,b,c}$, ‘$ab$’, ‘$abab$’ and ‘ ‘ (the empty word) are incomplete words over $\Sigma$, while ‘$abac$’ is a complete word over $\Sigma$.

Given an alphabet $\Sigma$ of $\alpha$ letters, we define $I(\alpha,n)$ to be the number of incomplete words over $\Sigma$ with a length not exceeding $n$.
For example, $I(3,0)=1$, $I(3,2)=13$ and $I(3,4)=79$.

Find $I(10^7,10^{12})$. Give your answer modulo $1\ 000\ 000\ 007$.