Problem 313

Problem 313

Sliding game

In a sliding game a counter may slide horizontally or vertically into an empty space. The objective of the game is to move the red counter from the top left corner of a grid to the bottom right corner; the space always starts in the bottom right corner. For example, the following sequence of pictures show how the game can be completed in five moves on a 2 by 2 grid.

Let S(m,n) represent the minimum number of moves to complete the game on an m by n grid. For example, it can be verified that S(5,4) = 25.

There are exactly 5482 grids for which S(m,n) = p2, where p < 100 is prime.

How many grids does S(m,n) = p2, where p < 106 is prime?



记S(m,n)为完成m乘n网格的游戏所需的最少步数。例如,可以验证S(5,4) = 25。

一共有5482种网格使得S(m,n) = p2,其中p < 100是素数。

有多少种网格使得S(m,n) = p2,其中p < 106是素数?